Internal Revenue Code – Section 138

Sec. 138. Medicare Advantage MSA

-STATUTE-

(a) Exclusion

Gross income shall not include any payment to the Medicare

Advantage MSA of an individual by the Secretary of Health and Human

Services under part C of title XVIII of the Social Security Act.

(b) Medicare Advantage MSA

For purposes of this section, the term "Medicare Advantage MSA"

means an Archer MSA (as defined in section 220(d)) -

(1) which is designated as a Medicare Advantage MSA,

(2) with respect to which no contribution may be made other

than -

(A) a contribution made by the Secretary of Health and Human

Services pursuant to part C of title XVIII of the Social

Security Act, or

(B) a trustee-to-trustee transfer described in subsection

(c)(4),

 

(3) the governing instrument of which provides that trustee-to-

trustee transfers described in subsection (c)(4) may be made to

and from such account, and

(4) which is established in connection with an MSA plan

described in section 1859(b)(3) of the Social Security Act.

(c) Special rules for distributions

(1) Distributions for qualified medical expenses

In applying section 220 to a Medicare Advantage MSA -

(A) qualified medical expenses shall not include amounts paid

for medical care for any individual other than the account

holder, and

(B) section 220(d)(2)(C) shall not apply.

(2) Penalty for distributions from Medicare Advantage MSA not

used for qualified medical expenses if minimum balance not

maintained

(A) In general

The tax imposed by this chapter for any taxable year in which

there is a payment or distribution from a Medicare Advantage

MSA which is not used exclusively to pay the qualified medical

expenses of the account holder shall be increased by 50 percent

of the excess (if any) of -

(i) the amount of such payment or distribution, over

(ii) the excess (if any) of -

(I) the fair market value of the assets in such MSA as of

the close of the calendar year preceding the calendar year

in which the taxable year begins, over

(II) an amount equal to 60 percent of the deductible

under the Medicare Advantage MSA plan covering the account

holder as of January 1 of the calendar year in which the

taxable year begins.

 

Section 220(f)(4) shall not apply to any payment or

distribution from a Medicare Advantage MSA.

(B) Exceptions

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply if the payment or

distribution is made on or after the date the account holder -

(i) becomes disabled within the meaning of section

72(m)(7), or

(ii) dies.

(C) Special rules

For purposes of subparagraph (A) -

(i) all Medicare Advantage MSAs of the account holder shall

be treated as 1 account,

(ii) all payments and distributions not used exclusively to

pay the qualified medical expenses of the account holder

during any taxable year shall be treated as 1 distribution,

and

(iii) any distribution of property shall be taken into

account at its fair market value on the date of the

distribution.

(3) Withdrawal of erroneous contributions

Section 220(f)(2) and paragraph (2) of this subsection shall

not apply to any payment or distribution from a Medicare

Advantage MSA to the Secretary of Health and Human Services of an

erroneous contribution to such MSA and of the net income

attributable to such contribution.

(4) Trustee-to-trustee transfers

Section 220(f)(2) and paragraph (2) of this subsection shall

not apply to any trustee-to-trustee transfer from a Medicare

Advantage MSA of an account holder to another Medicare Advantage

MSA of such account holder.

(d) Special rules for treatment of account after death of account

holder

In applying section 220(f)(8)(A) to an account which was a

Medicare Advantage MSA of a decedent, the rules of section 220(f)

shall apply in lieu of the rules of subsection (c) of this section

with respect to the spouse as the account holder of such Medicare

Advantage MSA.

(e) Reports

In the case of a Medicare Advantage MSA, the report under section

220(h) -

(1) shall include the fair market value of the assets in such

Medicare Advantage MSA as of the close of each calendar year, and

(2) shall be furnished to the account holder -

(A) not later than January 31 of the calendar year following

the calendar year to which such reports relate, and

(B) in such manner as the Secretary prescribes in such

regulations.

(f) Coordination with limitation on number of taxpayers having

Archer MSAs

Subsection (i) of section 220 shall not apply to an individual

with respect to a Medicare Advantage MSA, and Medicare Advantage

MSAs shall not be taken into account in determining whether the

numerical limitations under section 220(j) are exceeded.

 

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 105-33, title IV, Sec. 4006(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111

Stat. 332; amended Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(a)(7) [title II, Sec.

202(a)(3), (b)(6), (10)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-628,

2763A-629; Pub. L. 108-311, title IV, Sec. 408(a)(5)(A)-(F), Oct.

4, 2004, 118 Stat. 1191.)

 

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Social Security Act, referred to in subsecs. (a) and

(b)(2)(A), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended.

Part C of title XVIII of the Act is classified generally to part C

(Sec. 1395w-21 et seq.) of subchapter XVIII of chapter 7 of Title

42, The Public Health and Welfare. Section 1859 of the Act is

classified to section 1395w-28 of Title 42. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title

42 and Tables.

 

 

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 138 was renumbered section 140 of this title.

 

AMENDMENTS

2004 - Pub. L. 108-311, Sec. 408(a)(5)(A)-(D), substituted

"Medicare Advantage" for "Medicare+Choice" wherever appearing in

section catchline, headings, and text.

Subsec. (c)(2)(C)(i). Pub. L. 108-311, Sec. 408(a)(5)(E),

substituted "Medicare Advantage MSAs" for "Medicare+Choice MSAs".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 108-311, Sec. 408(a)(5)(F), substituted

"Medicare Advantage MSAs" for "Medicare+Choice MSA's".

2000 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(a)(7) [title II, Sec.

202(b)(10)], substituted "an Archer MSA" for "a Archer MSA" in

introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(a)(7) [title II, Sec. 202(a)(3)],

substituted "Archer MSA" for "medical savings account" in

introductory provisions.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(a)(7) [title II, Sec.

202(b)(6)], substituted "Archer MSAs" for "medical savings

accounts" in heading.

 

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 4006(c) of Pub. L. 105-33 provided that: "The amendments

made by this section [enacting this section, amending sections 220

and 4973 of this title, and renumbering former section 138 of this

title as section 139 of this title] shall apply to taxable years

beginning after December 31, 1998."

 

-End-